Two tantalizing and informative articles from diverse perspectives on electricity and magnetism, plus The Project Gutenberg EBook of 'The Universe a Vast Electric Organism' comprise this post and tie in with EMFs. Happy reading!
Brought to you by the National Earth Science Teachers Association
Electricity and magnetism are two very important topics in the science of physics. We use electricity to power computers and to make motors go. Magnetism makes a compass point North and keeps notes stuck onto our refrigerators. Without electromagnetic radiation we would all be in the dark, for light is one of its many forms!
There are two types of electricity: static electricity and electrical currents. Static electricity stays in one place, like the charge on a doorknob that can zap your hand in the wintertime. Electrical current moves and flows, like the current in the wires in a lamp. Some of the particles that make up atoms, including protons and electrons, have small electrical charges. Humans have learned to use electricity in the last couple hundred years. Our modern world uses lots of electricity in many ways. Electricity has changed the world a lot. Electricity in nature is also important. Natural electricity makes lightning flashes and the signals that flow along our nerves.
Magnetism is electricity's close cousin. Some materials, such as iron, are attracted to magnets; while others, such as copper, are not. We use the idea of "magnetic fields" to show how objects move when they are near magnets. Magnets have north and south poles. Two poles that are the same (like north and north) push each other apart. Two poles that are not the same (a north and a south) pull each other together. Electricity and magnetism are really two different parts of a single force. A moving magnet makes electricity and an electrical current makes a magnetic field. We use these facts to build motors and generators.
Magnetic fields and electrical currents make waves of energy that flow outward into space at the speed of light (which is very, very fast!). These waves of energy are called "electromagnetic radiation". There are six kinds of electromagnetic radiation. The light that we see with our eyes is one kind. Ultraviolet and infrared "light" are invisible to us, but some animals and insects can see them. Radio waves have very long wavelengths. X-rays and gamma rays have very high energies. When broken down into their constituents by spectroscopes, electromagnetic spectra reveal much about distant objects such as stars. Humans use our knowledge of this electromagnetic radiation. We build telescopes for viewing the heavens, radios to communicate, and X-ray machines for check for broken bones.
Our society uses electricity in many ways. Generators in power plants change heat from steam into electricity. That electricity flows along wires to our houses and schools. We flip a switch to turn on a light, a fan, or a dishwasher. Chips in computers use electricity to "think" and calculate. Small electrical currents carry information, like this Web page, over the Internet to your computer's screen.
Last modified September 25, 2007 by Jennifer Bergman.
The Electric Universe theory Wiki
The Electric Universe theory argues that electricity plays a more important role in the Universe, than is generally accepted (see also "Electricity throughout the Universe").
As a theory, it offers explanations of various natural and astrophysical phenomena, some of which it claims are better understood without the need for various ad hoc explanations. As with any theory, the Electric Universe makes predictions that have been tested, and is published in both peer-reviewed papers, and popular books.
The Electric Universe theory is interdisciplinary, integrating and supporting subject as diverse as the science (astronomy, geology, physics), with the soft sciences such as ancient history and comparative mythology.
Perhaps not surprisingly, the Electric Universe has also become the target of pseudo-skeptics, whose criticisms have consisted of ad hominems, misunderstanding, misrepresentation, and labeling as pseudoscience.
I. The Universe Is a Vast Electric Organism,11
II. Electricity Produces All the Phenomena of Nature,29
III. Electrical Creation, Briefly Stated. It Seems to Solve the Riddle of the Universe,49
IV. Electrical Creation More Fully Stated Confirms Scientific Evolution,54
V. Man Is a Soul Clad in Air, a Spirit in an Electric Organism,76
VI. All Light, Heat and Life Evolved Only in the Atmosphere of Suns and Planets,90
VII. Electrical Derangement of the Bodily Organism Produce Sickness and Death,102
VIII. Recent Electric Discoveries and Appliances, Wireless Telegraphy, etc.,112
IX. Present Science Is in a Dubious and Chaotic Condition,133
X. Electrical Creation Explains Natural Philosophy,156
XI. Science and Philosophy Sustain the Religious Concept,173
XII. Human Reason and the Universe Are Books of God, as Well as the Bible,194
[Pg iv]XIII. Love is the Electric Law of Life: All That Live Must Come From Loving,213
XIV. Jacob's Ladder Is the Electric Pathway Between Suns and Planets,230
XV. This Electric Universe is Self-sustaining and Eternal,246
XVI. Are all Suns and Worlds Inhabited?265
XVII. The Electrical Theory of Creation Will Save Modern Science from Pantheism,279